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How to Write Footnotes

Basic Chapter Citation

❶Take a look at the example below to see where footnotes appear on a page: The standard rule for typing the main body of a manuscript or report is double spacing unless there is an special reason for single spacing it.

What Are Footnotes?

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Footnotes vs. Endnotes

When you are writing an essay for a class which has a minimum of maximum word count limit, the question of whether or not footnotes and endnotes should be counted toward this limit can come up. Which one is it? Do footnotes count when doing a word count? Footnotes are auxiliary information that further clarifies certain points being made in the essay. This is a general rule of thumb.

Do footnotes count in a page count? Yes, footnotes generally count toward page count. For this reason, most professors allow them to be included as part of the overall page count. Again, counting footnotes as part of the page count is a general rule of thumb, not a definitive answer. Do endnotes count in a word count? Do endnotes count in a page count?

There is one significant difference between footnotes and endnotes which is endnotes are found at the end of the essay and not at the bottom of each page. Image courtesy of Lohan Gunaweera. This is a bunch of BS. If I had to write them as part of the essay, then I feel they should count in my word count.

Teachers are always trying to get us to do more work than they originally say. This may seem bad but it is how it works unless specified otherwise. If they counted, all everyone would do is footnote every sentence to up the word count! This drives me absolutely crazy. I never have enough room to write everything I want anyway and when footnotes are counted as part of the word count it just means that I have less space to write the points that I want to get across.

The word count should be for the essay, not the parts that support the essay. Why would anybody think that they could include footnotes as part of their essay? Routledge, , 2. Burbules and Torres, eds. Chapter within an anthology: Towards a New Ecology, eds. New chapter within a previously cited anthology Lash, Szerszynski, and Wynne, Single volume from a multivolume series: Hayek, Law, Legislation and Liberty , vol.

Routledge and Kegan Paul, , Hayek, Law, Legislation and Liberty , The Later Works, — , vol. Jo Ann Boydston Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, Dewey, Experience and Nature , New volume within a previously cited multivolume series Southern Illinois University Press, , Non-English book, or chapter in a non-English anthology: Garant, , 12 translation by author.

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Footnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Footnote citation. Footnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space.

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Guide to Essay Writing - Footnotes. Contents. Footnotes. Footnotes, notes or endnotes As a rule-of-thumb one could say that, although footnotes or notes are necessary, your interpretation should be able to stand without them. Thus, you should not carry on your main argument in footnotes.

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Definition of footnotes in word count? Include textboxes, etc. Openstax college essay writing paper footnotes at the jan 18, visa bulletin analysis essay and look one of our precision is jan 08, Also to serve as it easy. Footnotes are notes placed at the bottom of a page. They cite references or comment on a designated part of the text above it. For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.

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Add a footnote to your essay to cite all quotes and paraphrased material. Do this to give credit to your sources and to make it easy for your reader to find the source that you are citing. Footnotes are auxiliary information that further clarifies certain points being made in the essay. Since this isn’t a part of the body of the essay, most teachers and professors do not count footnotes as part of the essay’s word count.