To the economic dimension Weber added two other dimensions, prestige and power. He saw these factors as separate but interacting bases of social hierarchy. His notions are that property creates classes, prestige creates status groups and power creates parties. Like Marx, Weber recognized the important role of property in giving rise to status group. However, he gave it less importance than Marx did. Weber had given emphasis on life-style in deciding status group. Weber says that status groups are formed on the basis of prestige and honour.
He admits that difference in property can constitute the basis for differences in honour or prestige. Many modern sociologists regard status as the basic criterion of social class. According to this view, classes arise wherever social differentiations in terms of language, locality, faction or specialization are associated with a status hierarchy.
These differentiations may give rise to significant class phenomena only when they develop common sentiments. What is most important in making class distinction is the sense of status which is sustained by economic, political or ecclestical power and by the distinctive modes of life and cultural expression corresponding to them. In this sense the status separates one class from the other. Thus, classes are status marked and group conscious strata.
It follows that the division of society into classes on the basis of status is unavoidable. But the primary determinant of status is unquestionably economic. In a class-ridden society, a man possessing wealth has resources through which he can exercise both economic and political power. Social class are defacto groups and their basis is mainly economic. But they are more than economic groups. Class system is a universal phenomenon.
It is prevalent in all modern and complex social systems. Social classes are determined by their relation to means of production. A social class also includes wealth, property, income etc. Class is also related to status dimension. Status groups are composed of persons having the same life style and in joining similar social honour. In general, however, most sociologists have tended to draw on one or other approach and these sociologists are referred to as neo-Marxists or neo-Weberians.
Neo-Weberians such as David Lockwood, however, challenge this view. Lockwood used Weberian concepts such as market, work and status situation in his study of clerks to argue that, while wages for this group had begun to drop below that of skilled manual labourers, their market position in terms of job security, promotion prospects and benefits still gave them an advantaged position.
Other criticisms of Marxist theories of proletarianization include the theory of embourgeoisement. Due to rising living standards among the working class, it was argued, increasing numbers of this group were effectively joining the middle class. While there are numerous debates surrounding the existence or otherwise of an underclass or a middle class, and even debates as to whether there remains an upper or ruling class in society, one thing most sociologists agree on is that social class is a system of stratification defined by the unequal distribution of social advantage.
While the key debate between neo-Marxists and neo-Weberians appears to centre around questions of social class composition, the underlying issues they seek to address are those of class inequality. Social class, then, is not simply a label applied for convenience in society to differentiate between social groups in terms of similarities and differences in occupation, lifestyle or attitudes; it is, rather, a system of inequality of opportunity.
Marxists and Weberians generally agree, despite the claims of other sociologists such functionalists, new right theorists and postmodernists, that there remain substantial inequalities between different social classes. Essay UK - http: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Sociology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
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Medicine essays Miscellaneous essays Psychology essays Religious studies essays Science essays Sociology essays Essays menu. What is Social Class? Social and Cultural Forms of Modernity. Polity Press in association with the Open University. About this resource This Sociology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies.
Sociology Essay - In sociology, the term social class is most often used to refer to the primary system of social stratification found in modern capitalist societies.
Social Class in the United States It is frequent that people living in the United States prefer to think that we are a nation that no longer has social classes, that all people are much better off than they were one hundred years ago.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this comprehensive essay on Social Class! One of the important elements of social stratification is the ‘Class’. A social class is ‘a category or group of persons having a definite status in society which permanently determines their relations to other groups’. - Comparing Social Classes in Toni Morrison's Recitatif and Guy de Maupassant's The Necklace Toni Morrison's "Recitatif" and Guy de Maupassant's "The Necklace" portray social classes according to the influence of the narrator.
In this essay I shall begin by defining what social class is as illustrated in the collins social work dictionary. The Defining Of The Social Class Sociology Essay. Print Reference this If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the link below. Social Class in UK The term “social class” is in UK is a controversial issue,David J Lee said “ The use of the concept class in sociology has come under attack ”, .