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Short essay on the relation between Science and Society

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Impact of technology on society:

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We have, instead of small farms, giant collective and co-operative farms, as well as huge personal estates.

Workers are organized in huge trade unions with a membership running into millions. We now have factories employing lakhs of workers, industrial combines and trusts with incomes larger than the revenues of many States, big cooperative stores and stores owned and managed by private entrepreneurs, nation-wide political parties and parties of an international character. Even the national boundaries are considered too narrow for man's activities, and people are coming closer in huge international organisations.

Though giganticism seems inevitable, it poses a number of problems. In a vast organisation a person's individuality is lost and he feels that his fate is being determined by huge impersonal forces beyond his control. The State ought to see that these forces do not harm its citizens. While science and technology make for centralisation of economic and political activity, we can, in several ways, decentralise political and economic authority. We can create a rule of law which compels all organisations to submit their disputes to negotiation, mediation and arbitration, rather than settle them by strikes which paralyse national life and put the community to great inconvenience.

We have the family, the church, the social club, the local sports associations, cultural bodies and other face-to-face organisations to counteract the effect of depersonalisation of modern life. The fact is that, while science provides knowledge and power and affects life at several points, its use is determined by our culture and by our wisdom.

Science has made a most valuable contribution to the acquisition of knowledge and the development of a rational outlook on life. Not long ago, the masses were sunk in superstition. They attributed diseases to the wrath of the gods. They believed in ghosts, witches, magic and sorcery. Human and animal sacrifices were made to propitiate gods and demons. The appearances of eclipses and comets were regarded as most ominous.

Mythological accounts of the origin of the universe and movements of heavenly bodies were believed even by the educated. Anyone who offered a different interpretation based on scientific laws was severely frowned upon. Galileo came into clash with the Inquisition when he made the simple observation that the earth moves round the sun.

Newton himself believed in God and he held that a Creator was necessary to set the universe in motion, but once the process had started, it required no further supernatural intervention. The law of gravity came into conflict with the view of Providence as omnipotent, kind and generous who responded to prayers, achieved miracles and set things right. His theory of Evolution and the principles of the struggle for existence and the survival of the fittest leave no room for the view of the universe held by theologians.

Modern astronomy does not inspire much hope and faith. Life, it holds, exists only on this planet. Though the universe has millions of years of existence, according to astronomers, it is ultimately moving towards dissolution. Science has helped man see the world and life in it really as they are. But in doing so, it is said, it has deprived the people of their religious and spiritual faith.

The principle of the struggle for existence and the survival of the fittest has been invoked to justify imperialistic wars. Science has created a problem for mankind by taking away its faith. It has also given rise to philosophic systems which do not favour disinterested pursuit of truth but judge what is true by the severely practical test of how far it serves the ends in view.

This indictment against science, however, is not fair. Science has exploded fairy-tales, mythological fantasies, irrational fears, unfounded speculations. It is for statesmen, religious teachers, humanists and social reformers to give a sense of purpose to mankind. If scepticism is the price which mankind has to pay for the truth of things, nobody can say that the price is prohibitive.

Men ought no longer to live on myths. Instead of becoming determinists they must take their destiny into their own hands, and build a glorious future for the human race. Science and scientific outlook open up infinite possibilities for man. What he must bring with him as his contribution is wisdom. Science has given man various forms of power to replace the power of animals and that of human muscles. This has made it possible for him to annihilate distances, overcome the forces of gravitation and explore outer space and undertake production on a big scale.

Never was the world so completely integrated as it is today. Chemistry gave mankind gun powder which resulted in the destruction of feudalism and the emergence of the modern State. It also gave man the power to create new materials. The resources of the world in many things are very limited, and there is always the fear that, if they continue to be used on the present scale, they would be exhausted before long. This fear is no longer so serious because chemistry has discovered substitutes for them or made synthetics to replace them.

Even if negative impacts like pupation of the environment etc, the positive impacts are paramount. Thanks to the people that put their minds together to better the future. Technology can be advantageous or detrimental. It depends on how and to what extent you want to use it. But as far as I am concern, the disadvantages are much more than the advantages. Every aspect of technology requires another aspect of technology. But guys why do u put the blame on technology? Technology is a knowledge of using tools and machines to do tasks more efficiently.

Technology has made the life easier and better. Science and Technology are making advances at a surprising rate such as, from telephones to the Internet, calculators to computers, and cars to satellites.

We are part of a new world of discoveries and inventions made possible by Science. Communicating using technology has changed our cultures and our lifestyles. The technology that surrounds almost everyone in the modern society, affects both work and recreational activities. Technology is one of the principal driving forces of the future; it is transforming our lives and shaping our future at incomparable rates in history.

Technology is constantly changing, and advancing. Impact of science on society: With the advent of science and technology , it has left great importance on the society. As it has made the life so much rich same is the case with the other side of the impact of science.

It carries both negative and positive impacts on the society. One side, made the world a global village, vanishing those barriers once were. But it has also negatively impinge the lives, the purposes of appliances moved to negative direction. History is full of certain harsh words uttered by the impact of science, leading people to astray and facing bad music. I really appreciate the scholar that structured this piece of work. It really helped me in my term paper..

Its very pleasant and beneficial. You cover almost all the impacts of technology even more then required. Your email address will not be published. My Essay Point Free essays and term papers for students. Related Articles Positive and negative effects of WhatsApp. Importance Of Technology For Kids. Positive and negative effects of eBooks. November 10, at 1: March 20, at March 21, at 9: April 26, at 3: May 8, at 2: June 7, at 3: April 19, at 9: June 16, at 7: October 16, at 2: October 16, at 8: January 6, at 3: February 8, at January 8, at 4: March 15, at March 17, at 6: September 12, at 9: April 4, at 2: Rober Wuod Amago says: April 26, at 8: May 8, at 3: May 10, at 8:

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Society's image of science and scientists as well as the public's misunderstanding and often fascination with science clearly demonstrate the influence science and society have on each other.

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Science, it is said, is creating problems faster than they can be solved. This is really not a criticism of science, but of man's inability to adjust himself to the changed conditions. Short essay on the relation between Science and Society.

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Science, Technology, and Society Essay 1. According to the social history of science, science, technology, and society has a special bond among these three. As taught in the lectures, societies create science and technology and science . Science and Society Is life fact or fiction? One could look at science and society in the same manner. Meaning that there is an ideal subject, one subject could be the truth and one could be deception. Science, in my opinion, is the example, science is based on facts and numbers and figures, these never deter from the truth if correctly .

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Essay Science in Society - Science in Society Within the last century scientific discovery has been growing at an exponential rate. Evolution, genetics, physics, and chemistry have all greatly affected the way people view the universe and human role in it. Furthermore, the application of scientific discoveries has physically changed society. In the modern society, majority of the people became highly dependent on science to help them navigate their lives. Without science, people would be at lost in the complexities of the world Moreover, it is a fact that science has influenced how humans live, interact and think.