Pregnant women may also acquire the condition during pregnancy. This is termed as gestational diabetes. Certain racial groups are also highly affected by diabetes. This means that this gene allowed them to store foods in preparation for famines where foods were scarce.
Over time, when the scarcity of food became uncommon for these groups in America, the genes that were once of use were no longer working the same way it did for their ancestors. Meanwhile people with certain lifestyles are at risk of the disease. People, who have unbalanced diet like high cholesterol and low fiber meals, above 45 years old, overweight, and who have sedentary lifestyles are included. A family history of diabetes can impose the development of the disease because the inherited genes are more susceptible to diabetes CDC editors, In Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune reaction, or when the body destroys and attacks its own cells, happens.
The exact cause of such reaction is unknown but it can be attributed to triggers that include: Such assumptions are still unproven though. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, is caused by variations in insulin production and glucose transport to the cell. It can be due to unbalanced diet, obesity, physical inactivity, some medicines, pregnancy and other conditions in the body which can affect production of insulin such as pancreatitis. Stress and high blood pressure also have direct relationship to the occurrence of diabetes.
Treating diabetes, in type 1 and type 2 cases, varies in each individual who has the disease. The goal of treatment is centered in keeping the levels of blood sugar in the blood as normal as possible. It would entail self-management, medical intervention and more importantly modification in lifestyle. Insulin injections are the most common treatment for diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, it would also include exercises, balanced diet along with insulin doses.
Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand covers weight reduction, complying with diabetic diet and medications to maintain the normal level of glucose in the blood. Thereby, cells can permit the entry of glucose in order to lower sugar levels in the blood. Oral medications are given as maintenance treatments, in case lifestyle modification is not enough.
Furthermore, there is no acknowledged absolute cure for diabetes. At the moment, continued scientific and clinical researches are made in the hope curing diabetes McCulley, The transplantation of islets, which are cells that carry insulin in the body, is one example of the current subjects that is still under investigation. Thus, the management of diabetes, at the moment, is still on the preventive and treatment levels.
People who already have diabetes are advised to modify their lifestyles. If the condition is associated with obesity, weight reduction is called for.
It can be in the form of doing exercises but it does not necessitate heavy workouts. Diabetes may also lead to cardiac problems, issues with hearing, sight, gum diseases, infections, and erectile dysfunction. Once diagnosed, a patient of diabetes will be restrained throughout his life, as an uncontrolled blood sugar level in the body can eventually result in severe complications.
However, one needs to remember that all three types of diabetes can be treated with proper medicines and diets. Precaution and restraint are the keys to combating diabetes, and complications can be avoided if one is simply vigilant. Homepage Helpful guides Working on an outline Strong definition essay topics Creating an essay using an example Argumentative essay topics: Diabetes Diabetes, also known as Diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disorder in which the human body stops producing enough insulin in order to curb rising sugar levels or does not produce it at all.
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Individuals suffering from diabetes have hyperglycemia high blood sugar either because there is low production of insulin or body cells do not use the produced insulin. About million people suffer from diabetes globally Danaei et al. The World Health Organization has predicted that diabetes will rise to the top seventh cause of death worldwide by There are three common forms of diabetes: This paper mainly discusses these major forms of diabetes considering their causes and consequences.
In type 1 diabetes mellitus, body cells fail to produce insulin due to a compromised immune system causing damage to the cells where production of insulin takes place. The cause and prevention of type 1 diabetes are not particularly known; however, it is suspected to be a consequence of certain genetic factors. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is low production of insulin by the body cells or the body does not effectively make use of the produced insulin.
The cause and cure of type 2 diabetes remains unknown; however, genetic factors and manner of living take part in its causes, and watching blood sugar level can control the disease.
Gestational diabetes happens when there is a development of high blood sugar level in pregnant women not previously diagnosed of diabetes. For mothers who had gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy, the probability that it will occur in subsequent pregnancies is approximately two-thirds.
Furthermore, some patients may subsequently develop type 2 diabetes. After pregnancy, diabetes type 1 or 2 may occur and will require obligatory treatment. The role of genetic factors as a cause of diabetes has been proven definitively.
This is the main etiological factor for diabetes. IDDM is considered to be a polygenic disease which is based on at least two of the mutant genes in diabetic chromosome 6.
They are associated with the HLA system D-locus , which determines the individual, genetically determined response of the body and B cells to various antigens. The hypothesis of polygenic inheritance of IDDM suggests that diabetes is caused from two mutant genes or two groups of genes that have a recessive inherited predisposition to autoimmune lesions of the insular apparatus or increased sensitivity of B cells to viral antigens or attenuated antiviral immunity. Genetic susceptibility is linked with particular genes of HLA systems, which are considered markers of such a predisposition.
Patients with a genetic predisposition to IDDM have an altered response to environmental factors. They have weakened antiviral immunity, and they are extremely susceptible to cytotoxic damage to the B cells by viruses and chemical agents.
Here is your short essay on diabetes! Diabetes mellitus, commonly called as diabetes is a disease of metabolic disorder where the blood sugar levels tend to remain high either because insufficient insulin is produced in pancreas or because the cells not responding to the insulin produced.
Clinical signs of diabetes form and insulin treatment becomes necessary again. The provided diabetes essay sample is a perfect example of an academic paper that should be written by students. Nevertheless, we should warn you that the entirety of this text or its parts cannot be used in your own paper.
An Informative Essay On Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death listed in the United States. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness. Diabetes Mellitus Essay - Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 In Children INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is not a single disease it is a multifactorial group of syndromes all characterized by an increase in the level of blood glucose that occurs due to lack of presence of insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Diabetes mellitus is where the body cells cannot use glucose properly for lack of or resistance to the hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Diabetes can lead to . Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder caused by decreased production of insulin, or by decreased ability to use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body's tissues absorbs glucose (sugar) so it can be used as a source of energy.