APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Beneath the title, type the author's name: Do not use titles Dr. Beneath the author's name, type the institutional affiliation , which should indicate the location where the author s conducted the research. Begin a new page. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. Your abstract should be between and words. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases.
The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date. However, select pages, like the Citation Style Chart , still include this information. Purdue Online Writing Lab. Contributors' names Last edited date. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: The author note is where information about the author's departmental affiliation is stated, or acknowledgements of assistance or financial support are made, as well as the mailing address for future correspondence.
The Abstract of your paper contains a brief summary of the entirety of your research paper. It usually consists of just words, typed in block format. The Abstract begins on a new page, Page 2. All numbers in your Abstract should be typed as digits rather than words, except those that begin a sentence. The body of your research paper begins on a new page, Page 3. The whole text should be typed flush-left with each paragraph's first line indented spaces from the left. Also, avoid hyphenating words at ends of line.
Text Citations are important to avoid issues of plagiarism. The main principle here is that, all ideas and words of others should be properly and formally acknowledged. The Reference Section lists all the sources you've previously cited in the body of your research paper. The Appendix is where unpublished tests or other descriptions of complex equipment or stimulus materials are presented. Footnotes are occasionally used to back up substantial information in your text.
They can be found centered on the first line below the Running Head, numbered as they are identified in the text.
What is the difference between Tables and Figures? Tables are used to present quantitative data or statistical results of analyses. Examples of quantitative data are population, age, frequency, etc. Figures on the other hand come in different forms.
These could be graphs, images or illustrations other than tables. Figures are commonly used to show a particular trend, or to compare results of experiments with respect to constant and changing variables. Understandably, it can be overwhelming to compile a paper that conforms to all these rules! But remember that when in doubt you can always consult your supervisor, who will have more insight about the writing conventions in your field.
Reading published papers that are similar to yours will likewise give you some insight into the correct layout. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:.
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Please see our Sample APA Paper resource to see an example of an APA paper. You may also visit our Additional Resources page for more examples of APA papers.. How to Cite the Purdue OWL in APA. Individual Resources. The page template for the new OWL site does not include contributors' names or the page's last edited date.
Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper.
APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. General guidelines: Use white 8 ½ x 11” paper. Make [ ]. 42 SAMPLE PAPERS EFFECTS OF AGE ON DETECTION OF EMOTION 3 Effects of Age on Detection of Emotional Information Frequently, people encounter situations in their environment in which it is impossible to.
The American Psychological Association or APA Writing Format is one of the most widely used formats in writing academic papers, particularly in the field of science. Do you need to write an APA style paper but not sure where to begin? Here are some quick guidelines and tips to get you started on your paper.