Hence, for those pursuing research in any field of study, an awareness of research methods and research design is vital. There are many research methods that provide a loose framework or guidelines to conduct a research project.
One has to choose a method that suits the requirements of the project, and the researcher is comfortable with. On the other hand, the research design is the specific framework within which a project is pursued and completed. Many remain confused about the differences between research methods and research design. This article will differentiate between the two and make it easier for research students.
A research method refers to the techniques that the researcher uses to gather information. Interview method , surveys , observation , are some of the most commonly used methods in the social sciences. If the researcher wishes to unravel in depth information about individual attitudes, and life experiences, the researcher would use in-depth interviews.
However, if the aim of the research is to gain a holistic, more statistically significant information he would use a survey. Also, it is important to highlight that although there are scores of research methods, not every method can perfectly match a particular research project.
There are qualitative as well as quantitative research methods. Qualitative methods assist the researcher to gain rich in-depth data while quantitative methods allow the researcher to collect data that are more statistically significant. These figures are arbitrary, but at least give a directional method of measuring intensity.
By definition, this experiment method must be used where emotions or behaviors are measured, as there is no other way of defining the variables. Whilst not as robust as experimental research , the methods can be replicated and the results falsified. Observational research is a group of different research methods where researchers try to observe a phenomenon without interfering too much.
Observational research methods, such as the case study , are probably the furthest removed from the established scientific method. Observational research tends to use nominal or ordinal scales of measurement. Observational research often has no clearly defined research problem , and questions may arise during the course of the study. Observation is heavily used in social sciences, behavioral studies and anthropology, as a way of studying a group without affecting their behavior.
Whilst the experiment cannot be replicated or falsified , it still offers unique insights, and will advance human knowledge. Case studies are often used as a pre-cursor to more rigorous methods, and avoid the problem of the experiment environment affecting the behavior of an organism. Observational research methods are useful when ethics are a problem. In an ideal world, experimental research methods would be used for every type of research, fulfilling all of the requirements of falsifiability and generalization.
However, ethics , time and budget are major factors, so any experimental design must make compromises. As long as a researcher recognizes and evaluates flaws in the design when choosing from different research methods, any of the scientific research methods are valid contributors to scientific knowledge. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Jun 19, Retrieved Sep 13, from Explorable.
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The research design for this study is a descriptive and interpretive case study that is the project management approach envisaged for this study. Chapter 4: Hermeneutics is a. Chapter 4: Research methodology and design. Chapter 4: Research methodology and design research. 4 of.
Research Approach R esearch approaches are plans and the procedures for research the research design that is related to this worldview, and the specific methods or procedures of research that trans-late the approach into .
Discussion of research approach is a vital part of any scientific study regardless of the research area. Within the methodology chapter of your dissertation to you need to explain the main differences between inductive, deductive and abductive approaches. Basic Research Designs. The reliability and validity of the results depends on upon proper selection of the research approach and design. Forms of Research. Research is a systematic inquiry used to describe, explain, predict or control some observed phenomenon - the research topic.
Others argue that research design refers to the choice of specific methods of data collection and analysis. In your dissertation you can define research design as a general plan about what you will do to answer the research question. . WHAT IS RESEARCH DESIGN? 1 THE CONTEXT OF DESIGN Before examining types of research designs it is important to be clear about the role and purpose of research design. We need to understand what research design is and what it is not. We need to know where methods design design. THE CONTEXT OF DESIGN.